MP3 Frank Basile Sextet - Pepper Adams: Complete Compositions, Vol. 4
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11 MP3 Songs in this album (69:31) !
Related styles: Jazz: Bebop, Jazz: Mainstream Jazz, Solo Instrumental
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FROM THE PRODUCER: WHY THIS IS IMPORTANT
This is very likely the only time in jazz recorded history where all of the compositions of a jazz artist have been collected in one place. 43 tunes on 4 CDs survey the compositional landscape of baritone saxophonist Pepper Adams (1930-1986), who wrote small group features, many on his albums as a leader. Half of his compositional output was written after 1977, when he left the Thad Jones-Mel Lewis Orchestra to tour the world as a soloist. The other half was written for recordings made over a 21 year stretch--some his, many on dates as a sideman. Virtually all of Adams's compositions are on long out-of-print, obscure record labels, such as San Francisco, Mode, and Spotlite, thus, completely overlooked and unheard. Adams's oeuvre can be loosely grouped into the following categories: Swingers (18), Ballads (7), Blues (7), Latin (5), Rhythm Changes (3), Waltzes (3). Possibly most idiomatic is his body of Strayhorneque ballads. Adams considered Ephemera to be his greatest composition. For this last of four dates, New York based baritone saxophonist Frank Basile has refashioned eleven Adams originals to showcase his playing and writing, as well as the extraordinary artistry of two fellow Vanguard Jazz Orchestra members, trumpeter Joe Magnarelli and trombonist John Mosca. A stellar rhythm section of pianist Adam Birnbaum, bassist Dennis Irwin, and drummer Tim Horner round out the group.
FROM THE LEADER:
When Gary Carner approached me about leading a record date of eleven Pepper Adams compositions, I was honored. Gary is a very special guy who has dedicated the better part of the last quarter century to the very noble cause of keeping alive the music and memory of Pepper Adams.
As Gary knows, Pepper Adams is widely considered the most original and influential baritone saxophonist in modern jazz. He was a true âmusicianâs musician,â whose life and playing touched many people; and his music continues to do so for musicians like myself, who, unfortunately, never had the opportunity to hear him perform live. Pepper Adams is certainly my biggest influence in music, and I thank Gary Carner for letting me pay tribute to Pepper.
I started playing clarinet and alto saxophone in grade school while growing up in Omaha, Nebraska. By the time I was in Ninth Grade, I switched to the baritone saxophone, at the suggestion of my band teacher. Over the next year or two, my interest in specializing in the baritone kept growing. At age 15, my interest became a passion after I purchased a copy of the Charles Mingus recording Blues and Roots, which, of course, featured Pepper Adams. I had heard a handful of other baritone saxophonists before, but none of them came close to speaking to me the way Pepper Adams did (and still does). I became an ardent fan, seeking out as many Adams recordings as possible. Fortunately, I had a part-time job working at a local record store, whose jazz buyer was extremely knowledgeable and who helped me find many of Pepperâs recordings. As a young high school sophomore, my technical knowledge of music was quite limited, but I didnât need anything other than my ears to tell me that this was what I dug the most.
Looking back, I can now appreciate what it was about Pepperâs playing that grabbed me so undeniably: A rock-solid time feeling, a beautifully rich sound, a harmonic assuredness and sophistication, and an unmistakable personal style. For me, these are the hallmarks of a great jazz musician, and Pepper was the epitome of all these qualitiesâand then some! As I went on to study music in college and find my own voice on the baritone saxophone, Pepper remained the leader of the pack of all my favorite jazz musicians, and his recordings became some of my greatest teachers.
Not surprisingly, Pepperâs recordings also informed my approach to this project. Because it was my feeling that writing complex new arrangements would detract from the beauty and intent of each composition, I stuck closely to Adamsâ originals, but added shout choruses, backgrounds, and different textures, where I felt it was appropriate.
I couldnât have asked for a better band to play these arrangements. Three of the musiciansâtrombonist John Mosca, bassist Dennis Irwin, and drummer Tim Hornerâhad played with Pepper, and have a world of experience playing with top musicians all over the globe. The others I knew would fit in perfectly too.
From 1975 until Pepper left in August, 1977 to go out as a âsingle,â John Mosca and Pepper Adams were members of the Thad Jones-Mel Lewis Orchestra. Dennis Irwin, for his part, recorded two small group dates with Pepper: Curtis Fullerâs Four on the Outside and Joshua Breakstoneâs Echoes. Tim Horner had Pepper in his band in 1984 for what began as a tour of Asia, but devolved into a one-nighter in Singapore.
Rounding out the sextet is two of my more favorite co-conspirators: trumpeter Joe Magnarelli and pianist Adam Birnbaum. Joe is one of the top trumpet soloists in New York, whose playing in the Vanguard Jazz Orchestra Iâve admired while sitting just a few feet away in the reed section. Adam and I have played countless gigs together since we first met at Juilliard. Heâs one of the worldâs great young pianists, as youâll hear from his playing on this recording.
Prior to writing the arrangements, I had to first transcribe from the original recordings âPhilson,â âWhat Is It,â âLibeccio,â and âA Winters Tale,â because leadsheets couldnât be located. Because some of the tunes had similar chord changes, I decided to create some variety by handing over âLibeccioâ to Adam Birnbaum and the rhythm section, so Adam could personalize the arrangement as a feature for him. Additionally, âUrban Dreamsâ was arranged by John Mosca as a trombone feature with the rhythm section. Apart from these two tunes, however, I did the other nine arrangements. Once everything was in place, the group had the opportunity to rehearse all the charts at a handful of gigs in New York within a month of the recording date. This allowed us to familiarize ourselves with the music and have everything feeling just right by the time we got into the studio.
Our set of Adams tunes starts out with âExcerent,â a composition recorded on Red Garlandâs 1962 Riverside date Redâs Good Groove. It is a good example of the unique twists and turns many of Pepperâs tunes employ. The tonality of the tune is F minor, but we find ourselves starting in G-flat major. On the journey, we also find ourselves visiting E-flat major and E major. On the original recording, Pepper and Blue Mitchell play the melody in octaves, for the most part, but I decided to make use of the three-horn front line by voicing out the melody. Iâve also included a little interlude before the bass solo, as well as an updated coda. This is a fun set of chord changes on which to work. Joe takes the bull by the horns here, weaving some exciting, fiery, double-time lines into his three choruses.
Next is âPhilson,â Pepperâs unique take on the blues, originally from his 1960 Bethlehem date Motor City Scene. The arrangement is presented here as it was originally, with one exception: Iâve tweaked the opening sonority to B7sus. After the âout-of-left-fieldâ opening, the solos are presented in a traditional vein. Dennis gets rolling with one of his signature gems, showing why he was everybodyâs favorite bassist. He hands the baton off to Adam, who takes a great lap, as do Mosca and âMags.â I assumed the very difficult task of âanchor leg.â
On Adam Birnbaumâs arrangement of âLibeccio,â also from Motor City Scene, the fantastic rhythm section takes the spotlight. Here, the tuneâs tempo and groove are a bit looser and more relaxed than in the original recording. Itâs a pleasure to listen to the trio feed off each other. After great statements by Adam and Dennis, Dennis trades a chorus of 4s with Tim, whose brushes are in top form.
âWhat Is Itâ shows another side to Pepper Adamsâ writing: his diabolical melodies. Here we have an almost non-repeating melody, like many of the great bebop tunes written by Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, and others, in this case superimposed on the chord progression of Cole Porterâs âWhat Is This Thing Called Love.â This is one of Pepperâs more obscure tunes, appearing on the 1969 Richard Davis MPS recording, Muses for Richard Davis. Other than the little shout chorus I added, we present it just as Pepper and Jimmy Knepper did on the original date. As is his custom, John Mosca turns in an especially fine solo here, exploring rhythm, range, and melody. Dig his quote on âBarryâs Bop.â
Adam Birnbaumâs piano gets things started on âBinary,â a lively shuffle blues written in 1979, but not recorded by Uptown Records until 1985 on The Adams Effect, Pepperâs last date as a leader. The interesting riff melody is presented by Joe and John in fourths. Then I respond with the syncopated countermelody. We all join for a nice crunch at the end of the theme, Adam continues with his statement and really gets cooking, ending with a very fitting pentatonic motif, and then John and I exchange some choruses before bringing Joe in. Tim wraps things up and leads us out.
âIn Love with Nightâ is one of the many slow, expressive ballads Pepper wrote that evoke the harmonic language and dreamy melodic landscape of Billy Strayhorn. After the rhythm sectionâs intro over a pedal point, the beautiful melody sits perfectly atop the unique chord changes. Oddly enough, Pepper did not play on the only previous recording of this tune, the 1978 Interplay date Confluence, led by fellow Stan Kenton saxophonist Bill Perkins.
The oldest tune presented here, âA Winters Tale,â was recorded in 1956 on Gotâcha (San Francisco), Mel Lewisâ first date as a leader. Even as early as 1956 (before Pepper even recorded as a leader), Pepperâs compositional style was already well-established. Pepper wrote his arrangement for a four-horn front line (trumpet, 2 tenor saxes, and baritone sax), and Iâve kept its flavor, boiling it down for three horns. Dennis Irwinâs huge, beautiful beat is on display here. Everybodyâs feeling good and all get to have their say.
âJoy Road,â a street in Detroit, is an apt title for this joyful composition. The tune was written in 1980 and recorded by Criss Cross on the 1985 Hod OâBrien recording Opalessence. Pepperâs original arrangement had Tom Harrell playing the lead line on flugelhorn, with Pepper harmonizing below. Here, we present the same orchestration, but the baritone takes the lead instead, and the trombone is on the bottom. Mosca gets started with a dizzying break, and continues to burn for two choruses. Next, I take a turn, followed by Adam. Then, Mosca and I trade some 8s with Tim, whose âbig earsâ help him provide the perfect touch.
Next, is âUrban Dreams,â another of those wonderful Pepper Adams ballads. It was the title track to Pepperâs 1981 Palo Alto recording of the same name. John Mosca is featured here with the rhythm section, and he and the trio give a beautiful reading from start to finish. The subtle âhitsâ that John added to his arrangement give the tune added depth.
The old Heyman and Young standard âLove Lettersâ provides the harmony for âWitches Pit,â and Pepperâs melody is a perfect complement to the chord changes. The original 1957 recording, with John Coltrane and Cecil Payne, appeared on the Prestige date Baritones and French Horns. Recorded at 16 2/3 rpm, it was later reissued at the more customary 33 1/3 rpm on the recording Dakar. Instead of presenting the melody in unison, as it was originally conceived, Iâve updated the arrangement with a few chromatic counterlines and a touch of 3-part harmony. Everybody is in top form here. Joe starts things off with a soulful breakâTim is right there with him! âand he sets the bar very high by making one his signature lyrical statements with his gorgeous, singing tone.
The closer here is âFreddie Froo,â recorded in 1957 on Pepper Adams Quintet (Mode), Pepperâs first date as a leader. Itâs an uptempo burner based on âI Got Rhythm,â with an altered bridge. Here again, we all say our piece, including another great round of trading with Tim. Adam plays some really nice lines doubled at the octave. To wrap things up, I wrote a shout chorus. Check out Dennisâ perfectly placed eight bars near the end.
Playing Pepperâs music will always be enjoyable and challenging for me. And, much like his playing, his composing will always serve as an inspiration. Iâm very pleased with the way this date turned out, and I thank all the guys who took part in it for making it so. I hope you enjoy what weâve done, and that the recording opens the door for you to further explore the music of Pepper Adams.
FROM THE PRODUCER: ME AND THE NIGHT AND THE MUSIC
In 1984, at the age of 28, I had the good fortune of meeting saxophonist Pepper Adams. He was coming off a serious leg accident, that had kept him incapacitated and house-bound for six months, and I was looking to interview a jazz musician at length for a masters thesis I needed to complete for my degree at City College. Little did I know that he would die two years later and that I would dedicate the rest of my life to preserving his legacy.
We met at regular intervals throughout the summer, taping interviews about his glorious life. He was very prepared, and he spoke in depth about his early life, his experiences with some of the great musicians of our time, and his various recordings. Things were moving along beautifully; so much so that I felt we had the beginnings of a terrific co-written autobiography. Seven months later, however, on a tour of Sweden, Adams was diagnosed with lung cancer, and for almost two years he would fight for his life. We saw each other and spoke on the phone sporadically. Without his active participation, the project took a different turn as I moved to Boston to pursue a Ph.D. I knew I was well along on the biography. Now it was time to focus on the discographical and musicological aspects of Adams's work.
I began the intense archeology necessary to assess forty years of recordings. I listened closely to his playing. I learned about his terrific body of 43 compositions, scattered about on obscure LPs made by even more obscure labels here and abroad. I began to interview his musicians and friends. I got a contract from the Smithsonian to write Pepper's biography. But, most importantly for me, something happened that changed my life forever. Pepper's closest friend, pianist Tommy Flanagan, visited Pepper at his home four days before Pepper died. On Pepper's nightstand, Tommy told me, was my manuscript, about 300 pages of interview material. Flanagan told me that Pepper was very frail and lapsing in and out of coma. But once, when he came to, he tried feebly to nudge with his fingers the stack of material in Tommy's direction, as if to draw attention to it, as if to give it weight, as if to suggest that this was what would be left behind about him after his death. Then and there, as the power of Flanagan's story washed over me, I knew that I would dedicate my life to preserving Pepper's legacy.
It's now 24 years later and this is exactly what I've done. Adams has become my life's purpose. I have collated his papers, his music, and the remains of his estate. The first of two books I'm doing about him, an annotated discography, is now completed. I'm well along on his full-length biography too. But those amazing tunes? I had done the work and unearthed them. What was I to do?
About five years ago I thought of something. A saxophonist in Chicago, Ron Kolber, told me that Pepper had sent him copies of most of his leadsheets about three weeks before he passed away. Pepper told him, "Protect them with your life!" and, fortunately, he had. Maybe I should produce a CD of Pepper tunes? That seemed interesting. But one night at the Village Vanguard, it hit me like a thunderbolt: "ALL of them!" I thought. One recording wouldn't be enough. "It's about the legacy," I remembered." I would have to record all of them.
So this is what I've done. I've self-produced, at my own expense so it's done the right way, all 43 compositions by four different small groups. I handpicked the musicians and tunes for each to play. Two CDs, for trio and quartet, are led by the terrific Chicago pianist and arranger Jeremy Kahn, who has done so much to breathe new life into Pepper's music with fascinating introductions and codas. One of his dates features baritone saxophonist Gary Smulyan, widely regarded as today's leading soloist. A third recording, led by Atlanta pianist Kevin Bales, uses the the guitar of Barry Greene as the lead voice in a quartet setting. It's rare in jazz that two top soloists play at this high a level. Bales transcribed several tunes from the original recordings, as did saxophonist Frank Basile, who laboriously transcribed even more of Pepper's early tunes, which he arranged on his date for trio, quartet, quintet, and sextet. On his date is bassist Dennis Irwin, who would pass away about a half a year later.
What we have here is the complete body of work by a gifted and original jazz composer. Four terrific recordings as played by musicians exceedingly passionate about the music. What a joy this has been for me! And for the musicians too, since many of them played with Adams when they were young and impressionable.
Pepper Adams died at 55, much too young, and with so much music still inside him that we'll never know. What we can know is his great body of work that he left for us to discover. In his last few years of life, a new generation of musicians--some of whom are on these recordings--were hired by Adams for club dates. They knew in their bones that his book of music was innovative. As Mendelssohn did for Bach so many centuries ago, I'm trying to tell the world, with these musicians as my vehicle, about this extraordinary collection of tunes that has for far too long been completely overlooked. I think it's time for Pepper's star to ascend. Thanks for your help!
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