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How To Build WILDERNESS SURVIVAL SHELTERS

If you are interested in Going into the Wilderness and Surviving then this is a great Survival Book to have in your collection.

The original edition of this Rare Book was printed in 1916

By D C Beard who was one of the founders of the Boy Scouts of America.

This book contains a wealth of practical instruction and advice on how to build everything from a bark teepee and a tree-top house to a log cabin and a sod house and all without possessing any carpentry skills.

It is fully illustrated and will enable campers to create such lodgings as half-cave shelters, beaver mat huts, birch bark shacks, over-water camps, a Navajo hogan, and a pole house.

It even has chapters on how to use an axe, split and notch logs, and make a fireplace.

This is a must have book for scouts, campers, hikers, and hunters of all ages and will be of keen interest to any modern homesteader.

FOREWORD

As this book is written for boys of all ages, it has been
divided under two general heads, "The Tomahawk
Camps" and 'The Axe Camps,' that is, camps which
may be built wdth no tool but a hatchet, and camps that
will need the aid of an axe.

The smallest boys can build some of the simple shelters
and the older boys can build the more difficult ones.

The reader may, if he likes, begin with the first of the book,
build his way through it, and graduate by building the log
houses; in doing this he will be closely following the history
of the human race, because ever since our arboreal
ancestors with prehensile toes scampered among the
branches of the pre-glacial forests and built nestlike
shelters in the trees, men have made themselves shacks
for a temporary refuge.

But as one of the members of the Camp-Fire Club of America,
as one of the founders of the Boy Scouts of America, and as the founder of the
Boy Pioneers of America, it would not be proper for the
author to admit for one moment that there can be such a
thing as a camp without a camp-fire, and for that reason
the tree folks and the "missing link" whose remains were
found in Java, and to whom the scientists gave the aweinspiring
name of Pithecanthropus erectus, cannot be
counted as campers, because they did not know how to build
a camp-fire; neither can we admit the ancient maker of
stone implements, called eoliths, to be one of us, because
he, too, knew not the joys of a camp-fire.

But there was another fellow, called the Neanderthal man, who lived in
the ice age in Europe and he had to be a camp-fire man
or freeze!

As far as we know, he was the first man to build a camp-fire.

The cold weather made him hustle, and hustling developed him.

True, he did cook and eat his neighbors once in a while, and even split their bones
for the marrow ; but we will forget that part and just remember
him as the first camper in Europe.

Recently a pygmy skeleton was discovered near Los
Angeles which is claimed to be about twenty thousand
years old, but we do not know whether this man knew
how to build a fire or not.

We do know, however, that the American camper was here on this continent when
our Bible was yet an unfinished manuscript and that he
was building his fires, toasting his venison, and building
"sheds" when the red-headed Eric settled in Greenland,
when Thorwald fought with the "Skraelings," and Biarni's
dragon ship made the trip down the coast of Vineland
about the dawn of the Christian era.

We also know that the American camper was here when Columbus with
his comical toy ships was blundering around the West Indies.

We also know that the American camper watched
Henry Hudson steer the Half Moon around Manhattan Island.

It is this same American camper who has taught
us to build many of the shacks to be found in the following pages.

The shacks, sheds, shanties, and shelters described in
the following pages are, all of them, similar to those used
by the people on this continent or suggested by the ones
in use and are typically American; and the designs are
suited to the arctics, the tropics, and temperate climes;
also to the plains, the mountains, the desert, the bog, and
even the water.

It seems to be natural and proper to follow the camp as
it grows until it develops into a somewhat pretentious log
house, but this book must not be considered as competing
in any manner with professional architects.

The buildings here suggested require a woodsman more than an
architect; the work demands more the skill of the axeman
than that of the carpenter and joiner.

The log houses are supposed to be buildings which any real outdoor
man should be able to erect by himself and for himself.

Many of the buildings have already been built in
many parts of the country by Boy Pioneers and Boy
Scouts.

This book is not intended as an encyclopedia or history
of primitive architecture; the bureaus at Washington, and
the Museum of Natural History, are better equipped for
that purpose than the author.

The boys will undoubtedly acquire a dexterity and skill
in building the shacks and shanties here described, which
will be of lasting benefit to them whether they acquire
the skill by building camps "just for the fun of the thing"
or in building them for the more practical purpose of
furnishing shelter for overnight pleasure hikes, for the wilderness
trail, or for permanent camps while living in the open.

It has been the writer's experience that the readers
depend more upon his diagrams than they do upon the
written matter in his books, and so in this book he has
again attempted to make the diagrams self-explanatory.

The book was written in answer to requests by many people
interested in the Boy Scout movement and others interested
in the general activities of boys, and also in
answer to the personal demands of hundreds of boys and
many men.

The drawings are all original and many of them invented
by the author himself and published here for the
first time, for the purpose of supplying all the boy readers,
the Boy Scouts, and other older 'boys,' calling themselves
Scoutmasters and sportsmen, with practical hints,
drawings, and descriptions showing how to build suitable
shelters for temporary or permanent camps.

Daniel Carter Beard.

CONTENTS

Foreword v
I. Where to Find Mountain Goose. How to Pick and Use Its Feathers .... i
II. The Half-Cave Shelter 7
III. How TO Make the Fallen-Tree Shelter and the Scout-Master 11
IV. How TO Make the Adirondack, the Wick-Up, the Bark Teepee, the Pioneer, and
the Scout . 15
V. How TO Make Beaver-Mat Huts, or Fagot Shacks, without Injury to the Trees 18
VI. Indian Shacks and Shelters 22
VII. Birch Bark or Tar Paper Shack ... 27
VIII. Indian Communal Houses 31
IX. Bark and Tar Paper 36
X. A Sawed-Lumber Shanty 39
XI. A Sod House for the Lawn 47
XII. How to Build Elevated Shacks, Shanties, *
AND Shelters 52
XIII. The Bog Ken . 54
XIV. Over-Water Camps 62
XV. Signal-Tower, Game Lookout, and Rustic Observatory 65
XVI. Tree-Top Houses 72
XVII. Caches 77
XVIII. How to Use an Axe 83
XIX. How to Split Logs, Make Shakes, Splits, or Clapboards. How to Chop
A Log in Half. How to Flatten a Log. Also Some Don'ts 87
XX. Axemen's Camps 92
XXI. Railroad-Tie Shacks, Barrel Shacks, and Chimehuevis 96
XXII. The Barabara 100
XXIII. The Navajo Hogan, Hornaday Dugout,
AND Sod House 104
XXIV. How TO BUILD AN AMERICAN BOY'S HoGAN I07
XXV. How to Cut and Notch Logs . . . 115
XXVI. Notched Log Ladders 119
XXVII. A Pole House. How to Use a Crosscut Saw and a Froe 122
XXVIII. LOG-ROLLING AND OtHER BuILDING Stunts 126
XXIX. The Adirondack Open Log Camp and a One-Room Cabin . 129
XXX. The Northland Tilt and Indian Log Tent 132
XXXI. How TO Build the Red Jacket, the New Brunswick, and the Christopher
Gist 135
XXXII. Cabin Doors and Door-Latches, Thumb-Latches AND Foot Latches and How
TO Make Them 139
XXXIII. Secret Locks 145
XXXIV. How TO Make the Bow-Arrow Cabin Door and Latch and the Deming
Twin Bolts, Hall, and Billy . . . 151
XXXV. The Aures Lock Latch 155
XXXVI. The American Log Cabin 161
XXXVII. A Hunter's or Fisherman's Cabin . . 169
XXXVIII. How TO Make a Wyoming Olebo, a HoKO River Olebo, a Shake Cabin,
A Canadian Mossback, and a Two- Pen or Southern Saddle-Bag House 171
XXXIX. Native Names for the Parts of a Ka-NUCK Log Cabin, and How to Build One 177
XL. How TO Make a Pole House and How TO Make a Unique but Thoroughly
American Totem Log House . . . 183
XLI, How to Build a Susitna Log Cabin AND How to Cut Trees for the End Plates 191
XLII. How TO Make a Fireplace and Chimney FOR A Simple Log Cabin 195
XLIII. Hearthstones and Fireplaces .... 200
XLIV. More Hearths and Fireplaces . . . 203
XLV. Fireplaces and the Art or Tending the Fire 206
XLVI. The Building of the Log House . . . 211
XLVII. How to Lay a Tar Paper, Birch Bark, or Patent Roofing ........ 218
XLVIII. How TO Make a Concealed Log Cabin Inside of a Modern House .... 230
XLIX. How TO Build Appropriate Gateways for Grounds Enclosing Log Houses, Game
Preserves, Ranches, Big Country Estates, AND Last but not Least Boy
Scouts' Camp Grounds 237



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